The Education Commission (1964-66) recommended that a vigorous effort should be made to establish specialized institutions to provide vocational education in agriculture and allied fields at the pre-and post-matriculate levels to cater to the training needs of a large number of boys and girls coming from rural areas. The commission, further, suggested that such institutions be named as ‘Agricultural Polytechnics’. The recommendation of the commission was thoroughly discussed: during 1966-72 by the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Agriculture, Planning Commission, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and other allied institutions. Finally, the ICAR mooted the idea of establishing Krushi Vigyan Kendra’s (Agricultural Science Centre’s) as innovative institutions for imparting vocational training to the practicing farmers, school dropouts and field level extension functionaries.
At present there are 672 KVK’s out of which 435 are under State Agricultural universities (SAU) and Central Agricultural University (CAU), 55 under ICAR Institutions, 100 under NGO’s, 35 under State Governments, and the remaining 17 under other educational institutions.
Krushi Vigyan Kendra, a plan scheme designed and managed by the ICAR for the past four decades, will play a vital role because of its following unique features:

  • Creation of valuable resources in terms of technical manpower and assets.
  • Confirmation of technologies to suit local specificity.
  • Showcasing the frontier technologies.
  • Capacity building among stakeholders.
  • Front runner in technological application, information and inputs.
  • Participatory approached in planning, implementing, executing and evaluation.

The mandate of KVK is Technology Assessment and Demonstration for its Application and Capacity Development. To implement the mandate effectively, the following activities are envisaged for each KVK.

  • On-farm testing to assess the location specificity of agricultural technologies under various farming systems.
  • Frontline demonstrations to establish production potential of technologies on the farmers fields.
  • Capacity development of farmers and extension personnel to update their knowledge and skills on modern agricultural technologies.
  • To work as knowledge and Resource Centre of agricultural technologies for supporting initiatives of public, private and voluntary sectors in improving the agricultural economy of the district.
  • Provide farm advisories using ICT and other media means on varied subjects of interest to farmers.

In addition, KVK would produce quality technological products (seed, planting material, bio-agents, and livestock) and make it available to farmers, organize frontline extension activities, identity and document selected farm innovations and coverage with ongoing schemes and programmes within the mandate of KVK.